Self-sustained oscillations with delayed velocity feedback
We study a model for a nonlinear mechanical oscillator, relevant to the dynamics of micro- and nanomechanical time-keeping devices, where periodic motion is sustained by a feedback force proportional to the oscillation velocity. Specifically, we focus our attention on the effect of a time delay in the feedback loop, assumed to originate in the electric circuit that creates and injects the self-sustaining force. Stationary oscillating solutions to the equation of motion, whose stability is insured by the crucial role of nonlinearity, are analytically obtained through suitable approximations. We show that a delay within the order of the oscillation period can suppress self-sustained oscillations. Numerical solutions are used to validate the analytical approximations.
Received: 6 February 2017, Accepted: 8 March 2017; Edited by: A. Martí; Reviewed by: C. Masoller, Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4279/PIP.090003
Cite as: D. H. Zanette, Papers in Physics 9, 090003 (2017)